Peter’s Mountain in Albemarle County, Virginia is designated here as a geographical area which has a complex of sites with artifacts. It was reported to the senior author by Hal Young in 11-29-2011. He states:

 All of the territorial boundaries for the native people were based on the river drainages and the mountains. The Southwest Mountain Range is the eastern most mountain range, the closest to the sea, of all in North America south of the frigid Northeast. And Peter's Mountain is the tallest mountain of that range, easily recognizable. But most importantly, if one stands on the summit of Peter's Mountain, that person is within 100-200 yards of springs that feed into the drainage of 3 main mid-Atlantic river drainages: the Rappahannock, the York, and the James Rivers. And the distance to salt/brackish water is the same for all 3 drainages: about 90 miles. If one moves a short distance north or south along the Southwest Mountains and beyond, this is not true.

Note: The top of Peter’s Mountain belongs to the U.S. Government. Any work is this area must be with federal archaeologists.


Young, Harold E.
(2016) Stone Revelations of the Last Ice Age. Steewtgrassooks, Helena, MT


Peter’s Mountain, Albemarle County, Virginia

Major Portable Rockart Works of Art

Peter’s Mountain played an important role in early Virginia prehistory. The mountain is covered with Pleistocene artforms. This site is the first to be recorded with raised (or relief) glyphs in the the eastern U.S. It probably has solstice alignments, but these remain to be studied. They are coated with bitumen or pitch glue. Any other black adhesive would not have lasted all these years. The site has both solstice formation from which early Americans observed the sun’s movements across the shy. With major Virginia river systems orginating on the mountain, this area was a major ceremonial area on the Atlantic coast.

Long-nose Peccary Quartz

Relief Sculture

Curled-Trunk Mammoth with a Mastodon (Young 2016). Note flat, pointed Mastodon head layered behind rounded mammoth forehead, which has an upward curling trunk. Eye faces right, with mammoth mouth gap below proboscis.

                              ​Virginia Prehistoric Breast Plate

This prehistoric abalone shell artform was found in the 1950s or 60s by Marguerite Kagey of Mt Jackson, Virginia. It was a surface discovery. It was transported/traded from the Atlantic coast to Shenandoah County. It has three drilled holes which were made with a sone drill. It is easily a prehistoric artifact and probably dates to the Woodland era. No other plate/gorget has been found like this to date in Virginia.

Length = 115
Width = 103
Thickness = 7-8 mm.

Abalones are a type of mollusk, like clams and oysters, except inside their flat, one-sided, ear-shaped shells, abalones have tentacles and feet. These sea snails cling to rocks near to shore and are often consumed by other marine species. The shell of the abalone is extremely durable. These shells are found along the Atlantic coast.