Blackberry Hill Lunar and Solar Clock, Franklin County, Virginia

Great Serpent Mountain Solar Clock (West Virginia).

The sun/moon clock is composed of five large boulders which were arranged to control sunlight into a chamber which has a bitumen-coated palette on which sun created a light trail across it exactly as the sun crosses the earth’s meridian each day. The light trail starts as a dot on the palette and grows to 5-6 inches; then disappears as the sun leaves the meridian. The site works for the moon, also. The moon trail has about 25% of the lumens of the sun’s trail. The site is currently being investigated and a report will be published. At ground-level for boulders A, B, and C is a channel that allows the morning equinox to illuminate for 15 minutes. It is only illuminated during the equinoxes. The stone configuration at the Blackberry Hill site in Franklin County has three properties:

It measures the sun noon
It measures the lunar noon
It announces the solstices
It announces the equinoxes.

This prehistoric site was discovered by Alfred Willis. It was recorded by the Rockart Suvey on January 26, 2018 with solar noon at 12:20 pm. The clock complex consists of:

A two-boulder solar clock
A stone circle made from stone boulders
An oblong configuration of stones.

 The clock measures solar noon by illuminating the floor of the chamber. Both sides of the chamber are illuminated in alternate positions of the sun’s rays, namely morning and afternoon.

 We assume that three solar views were observed from the clock:

Summer Solstice
Solar Noon.

The site is located in Augusta County on the Blue Ridge Parkway. It is on Federal land. The site has north and south near-area running streams.

 The site is classifed as a summer ceremonial site. The type of ceremonies, of course, are lost in prehistory.

The sun clock was recorded in November 2017. It performs an exact high noon position of the sun and was used to indicate the sun’s position during the exact time of the equinox. The channels were created by the users of the site. The sun channel was tested on November 28, 2017; it was fully illuminated.


Humpback Gap Solar Clock

The clock was initially constructed from a single boulder. It is now divided into two boulders. Did Mother Nature cause the breakage or did humans cause the split? It was probably split by humans either freezing/heating or hammering. Once broken, it was separated so that the interior faces could be smoothed. Then, boulder A was pushed back facing boulder B. Spacing between them is approximately 3 inches. Boulder A sits on the remains of boulder B. There is no telling how deep boulder B goes into the ground.