Wm Jack Hranicky RPA

​ rockart glyphs pictographs petroglyphs

Basic References

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Afton, John A.

(2015) Gettysburg’s Amerindian Equinox Marker. Journal of Middle Atlantic Archaeology, Vol. 31, pp. 143-150.

 
Brose, David S., James A. Brown, and David W. Penny

(1985) Ancient Art of the American Woodland Indians. Harry N. Abrams, Inc., Publishers, New York, NY.

 
Chamberland, A. F.

(1890) The Thunder-Bird Amongst the Algonkins. American Anthropologist, Vol. 3, pp. 51-54.
 

Charles, Tommy

(2010) Discovering South Carolina’s Rock Art. University of South Carolina Press, Columbia, SC.

 
Clottes, Jean

(2002) World Rock Art. Getty Conservation Institute, Los Angeles, CA.


 
Cole, Sally J.

(1990) On Stone – Rock Art of the Colorado Plateau and Four Corner Region. Johnson Books, Boulder, CO.

 
Cook, Jill

(2013) Ice Age Art – arrival of the modern mind. British Museum Press, London, UK.

 
Cook, Robert A.

(2008) Sun Watch Fort Ancient Development in the Mississippian World. University of Alabama Press, Tuscaloosa, AL.

 
Coy, Fred E., Thomas C. Fuller, Larry G. Meadows, and James L. Swauger

(1997) Rock Art of Kentucky. University Press of Kentucky, Lexington, KY.


 
Diaz-Granados, Carol and James Duncan

(2015) Picture Cave - Unraveling the Mysteries of the Mississippian Cosmos. University of Texas Press, Austin, TX.

(2004) The Rock-Art of Eastern North America. University of Alabama Press, Tuscaloosa, AL.

 
Fell, Barry

(1989) America B. C. Pocket Books, New York, NY.

 
Gallagher, Ida Jan and Warren W. Dexter

(2004) Contact with Ancient America. Mount Pleasant, SC.


 
Chippindale, Christopher and Paul S. C. Tacon (eds.)

(1998) The Archaeology of Rock-Art. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.

 
Delabarre, Edmund B.

(1928) Dighton Rock – A Study of the Written Rocks of New England. Walter Neale, Publisher, New York, NY.

 
Faulkner, Charles H. (ed.)

(1996) Rock Art of the Eastern Woodlands. Occasional Paper 2, American Rock Art Research Association.


 

Gallagher, Ida Jane and Warren W. Dexter

(2004) Contact with Ancient America. Sovereign Books, Mount Pleasant, SC.

 
Grant, Campbell

(1967) Rock Art of the American Indian. Outbooks, Golden, CO.
 

Gridley, Marion E.

(1939) Indian Legends of American Scenes. M. A. Donahue & Co., Chicago, IL.


 
Hardman, Clark and Marjorie H. Hardman

(1992) Linear Solar Observatory Theory: The Development of Concepts of Time and Calendar. North American Archaeologist, Vol. 13, No. 2, pp. 149-172.

 
Heizer, Robert F. and Martin A. Baumhoff

(1962) Prehistoric Rock Art on Nevada and Eastern California. University of California Press, Berkeley, CA.

 
Henshall, A. S. and J. N. G. Ritchie

(1995) The Chambered Cairns of Sutherland. Edinburgh University Press, UK.


 
Hranicky, Wm Jack

(2016) Pleistocene Art in Virginia. Paper, Annual Meeting, Society for American Archaeology, Orlando, FL.

(2015) Virginia Solstice Observatories, Portable Art, and Rockart Sites. AuthorHouse, Bloomington, IN.

(2015) Virginia Rockart Survey Report (March 1, 2015). Department of Historic Resources, Richmond, VA.

(2014) Virginia’s Prehistoric Sun Dial at the Spout Run Site (44CK151). ASV Quarterly Bulletin, Vol. 69, No. 2, pp.133-143.


(2013) An Encyclopedia of Terminology and Concepts for American Prehistoric Lithic Technology. AuthorHouse, Bloomington, IN.

(2005) Short Mountain Petroglyph Site, Shenandoah County, Virginia. ASV Quarterly Bulletin, Vol. 63, No. 3, pp. 125-132.

(2001) Difficult Run Petroglyphs (44FX2380): A Solar Observatory in the Potomac River Valley of Virginia. ASV Quarterly Bulletin, Vol. 56, No. 2, pp. 37-50.

(1999) Report on: Difficult Run Petroglyphs (44FX2380): A Prehistoric Solar Observatory in the Potomac River Valley of Virginia. To: Department of Historic Resources, Richmond, VA.

Hranicky, Wm Jack and L. Dale Collins


(1997) Harrison County Petroglyph Site (46H51), West Virginia. ASV Quarterly Bulletin, Vol. 52, No. 1, pp. 23-28.

(1997) To Hide the Sun. Paper presented at the Southeastern Archaeological Conference, Baton Rouge, LA.

(1996a) Virginia’s Prehistoric Observatories. In: Rock Art of the Eastern Woodlands, Charles Faulkner, editor, American Rock Art Research Association, Occasional Paper Number 2,

(1996b) Possible Ethnographic Description of a Solar Observatory. ASV Quarterly Bulletin, Vol. 51, No. 2, pp.85-02.

(1995) Glyph Comparison at the Little Mountain (44NT13) Pictograph Site. ASV Quarterly Bulletin, Vol. 50, No. 3, pp. 38-46.

(1992) Little Mountain Pictograph Site (44NT13) Nottoway County, Virginia. ASV Quarterly Bulletin, Vol. 47, No. 4, pp. 167-178.


(1991) Final Report: Little Mountain Pictograph Site (44NT13) On file: DHR, 221 Governor St., Richmond, VA.

(1988a) Suggestions for Evolution of Rock Art Glyphs. The Wyoming Archaeologist, Vol. 31, Nos. 1-2, pp. 9-12.

(1988b) Virginia's Paint Lick Mountains Pictographs: A Study of Comparison and Analysis. In: Upland Archeology in the East - A Third Symposium, edited by Michael B. Barber, pp. 322-335.

(1987) Third Preliminary Report: Paint Lick Mountain Pictograph Site (44TZ13). Division of Historic Landmarks, 221 Governor St., Richmond, VA 23219. And, copy on file with the Tazewell County Historical and Archaeological Resources, Box 12, Tazewell, VA 24651.

(1987) Third Preliminary Report: Paint Lick Mountain Pictograph Site (44TZ13). Division of Historic Landmarks, 221 Governor St., Richmond, VA 23219.

(1987) Second Preliminary Report: Paint Lick Mountain Pictograph Site (44TZ13). Division of Historic Landmarks, 221 Governor St., Richmond, VA 23219.


(1987) Report on the Brinkley's Farm and Jutaculla Rock Petroglyphs, North Carolina. Journal of Piedmont Archeology, Vol. 5, pp. 12-29, Piedmont Archeological Society, NC.

(1986a) A Communication Perspective to the Study of Rock Art. Chesopiean, Vol. 24, No. 1, pp. 19-31.

(1986b) Preliminary Report on Recording the Paint Lick Mountain Pictograph Site. On file: Virginia Research Center for Archaeology, Yorktown, VA.

(1985a) Defining Prehistoric Indian Art. ASV Quarterly Bulletin, Vol. 40, Nos. 3 & 4, pp. 112-122.

(1985b) Recording Prehistoric Rock Art. Chesopiean, Vol. 23, No. 4, pp. 11-21.

(1975) Pictographs of the Borrego Desert, California. Chesopiean, Vol. 13, Nos. 5-6, p. 139.


 
Hranicky, Wm Jack, Scott Silsby, and Doug Dupin

(2013) Two Rockart Sites on the Potomac River Fall Line. ASV Quarterly Bulletin, Vol. 68, No. 1, pp. 18-24.

 
Hunter, Douglas

(2017) The Place of Stone – Dighton Rock. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill, NC.

 Ives, Timothy H.

(2015) Cainfields in New England’s Forgotten Pastures. Archaeology of Eastern North America, Vol. 43, pp. 119-132.


  

Keyser, James D., George Poetschat, and Michael W. Taylor (eds.)

(2006) Talking with the Past: The Ethnography of Rock Art. Oregon Archaeological Society Publication, Portland, OR.

 
Keyser, James D. and Michael A. Klassen

(2001) Plains Indian Rockart. University of Washington Press, Seattle, WA.

 
Lenik, Edward J.

(2016) Amulets, Effigies, Fetishes and Charms – Decorated Artifacts and Spirits from the Northeast. University of Alabama Press, Tuscaloosa, AL.

(2011) Rocks, Riddles and Mysteries. American /History Press, Franklin, TN.


(2010) Mythic Creatures: Serpents Dragons, and Sea Monsters in Northeastern Rock Art. Archaeology of Eastern North America, Vol. 38, pp. 17-38.

(2009) Making Pictures in Stone – American Indian Rock Art of the Northeast. University of Alabama Press, Tuscaloosa. AL.

(2004) The Bald Friar Petroglyphs of Maryland. In: The Rock-art of Eastern North America, eds. Carol Diaz-Granados and James R. Duncan, pp. 290-307, University of Alabama Press, Tuscaloosa, AL.

(2002) Picture Rocks – American Indian Rock Art in the Northeast Woodlands. University Press of New England, Hanover, NH.


 
Lockyear. Sir J. Norman

(1906) Stonehenge and Other British Stone Monuments Astronomically Considered. Macmillan and Company, London, UK.

 
Loendorf, Lawrence L., Christopher Chippindale, and David S. Whitley (eds.)

(2016) Discovering North American Rock Art. University of Arizona Press, Tucson, AZ.

 
Mallery, Garrick

(1888-89) Picture-Writing of the American Indians. Annual Report of the Bureau of American Ethnology, Vol. 10, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC.



Martineau, LaVan

(1973) The Rocks Begin to Speak. KC Publications, Las Vegas, NV.

 
Murphy, James L.

(1978) Petroglyphs at the Half Moon Site, Hancock County, West Virginia. West Virginia Archeologist, No. 27, pp. 50-54.

 
Newcomb, Jr. W. W.

(1967) The Rock Art of Texas Indians. University of Texas Press, Austin, TX.


 
Oppenheimer, Monroe and Willard Wirtz

(1989) A Linguistic Analysis of Some West Virginia Petroglyphs. West Virginia Archeologist Volume 41, Number 1.

 
Patterson, Alex

(1992) A Field Guide to Rock Art Symbols. Johnson Books, Boulder, CO.

 
Potts, Richard and Christopher Sloan

(2010) What does it mean to be human? National Geographic, Washington, DC.


 
Rainey, Dori

(2001) Analytical Techniques in the Analysis of Rock Art. Totem: The University of Western Ontario Journal of Anthropology: Vol. 9: Iss. 1, Article 9.

 
Robertson, Marion

(1973) Rock Drawings of the Micmac Indians. Nova Scotia Museum, Halifax.

 
Sabo III, George and Deborah Sabo

(2005) Rock Art in Arkansas. Arkansas Archaeological Survey Poplar Series 5, Fayetteville, AR.


 
Schaafsma, Polly

(1980) Indian Rock Art of the Southwest. School of American Research, Southwest Indian Arts Series, Santa Fe, NM

(1975) Rock Art in New Mexico. University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM.

 
Stewart, Tamara

(2015) Putting the Petroglyphs in Context. American Archaeology, Vol. 19, No. 3, pp. 39-45.

 
Silver, Harry R.

(1979) Ethnoart. In: Annual Review on Anthropology, eds. B. Siegel, A. Beals, S. Tyler, pp. 267-308.


 
Sofaer, Anna

(2008) Chaco Astronomy. Ocean Tree Books, Santa Fe, NM.

 
Spears, Anita

(2004) The Documentation of a Prehistoric Rock Art Site on Pine Mountain in Southeastern Kentucky: An Archaeological Context Approach. Thesis. University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN.

 
Stokes, William M. and William L. Stokes

(1980) Messages on Stones. Starstone Publishing, Salt Lake City, UT.


 
Sullivan, Lynne P. and Susan C. Prezzano (eds.)

(2001) Archaeology of the Appalachian Highlands. University of Tennessee Press, Knoxville, TN.

 
Sundstrom, Linea

(2004) Storied Stone – Indian Rock Art of the Black Hills Country. University of Oklahoma Press, Norman, OK.

 
Wellmann, K. F.

(1979) North American Rock Art. Akademische Druck=u Verlagsanstalt, Graz, Austria.


 
Whitley, David S.

(2005) Introduction to Rock Art Research. Left Coast Press, Inc., Walnut Creek, CA.

(2001) Handbook of Rock Art Research. Left Coast Press, Inc., Walnut Creek, CA.

 
Wilkinson, Philip

(2008) Signs and Symbols – An Illustrated Guide to Their Origins and Meanings. Metro Books, New York, NY.

 
Williamson, Ray A.

(1987) Living the Sky. University of Oklahoma, Norman, OK.


 

Additional Rockart References for West Virginia by Robert F. Maslowski

 Baker, Stanley W.

(2011) More Than Just Burial Mounds: West Virginia Archaeology's First Chapter. Ohio Archaeologist 61(3):4-22.

 
Ball, Donald B.

(2006) Scribbles, Scratches and Ancient Writing: Pseudo-Historical Archaeology in the Ohio Valley Region. Ohio Valley Historical Archaeology 21:1-29.

 
Bowman, Mary K.

(1965) Reference Book of Wyoming County History. McClain Printing Co., Parsons, West Virginia.


 
Braley, Dean

(1993) Shaman's Story: The West Virginia Petroglyphs. St. Albans Publishing, St. Albans, West Virginia.

 
Brashler, Janet G.

(1989) An Application of the Method of Multiple Working Hypotheses to Two West Virginia Petroglyph Sites. West Virginia Archeologist 41(1):719.

 
Clark, Nancy

(1988) Petroglyph in Mingo County Thought to be Ogam. Wonderful West Virginia 52(8):12-13.


Cooper, Alan H. and Barbara Fallon

(1981) The Stasiuk-Fallon Petroglyph Site. West Virginia Archeologist 32:46-48.


 
Davies, William E.

(1958) Caverns of West Virginia. West Virginia Geological and Economic Survey Vol. XIX (A), Morgantown.

 
Davis, Dorothy

(1970) History of Harrison County, West Virginia. American Association of University Women, Clarksburg, West Virginia.

 
Diaz-Granados, Carol and James R. Duncan (editors)

(2004) The Rock-Art of Eastern North America: Capturing Images and Insight. The University of Alabama Press, Tuscaloosa.


 
Fowler, Daniel B.

(1977) Indian Petroglyphs Recently Discovered in West Virginia. In American Indian Rock Art Volume III, edited by A. J. Bock, Frank Bock and John Cawley, pp. 38-45. American Rock Art Research Association, Ridgecrest, California.

 
Fowler, Daniel B. and Shelia S. Newman

(1976) Primitive Man's Message. Wonderful West Virginia 39(12):4-6.

 
Fowler, Daniel B. and Joan K. Pitts

(1976) The Feather Rock Petroglyphs (46Pr23). West Virginia Archeologist 25:20-25.


 
Haywood, John

(1823) The Natural and Aboriginal History of Tennessee, Up to the First Settlement Therein by the White People, in the Year 1768. George Wilson, Nashville.

 
Holmes, William H.

(1890) A West Virginia Rock-Shelter. American Anthropologist 3:217-225.


Hyde, Arnout, Jr.

(1983a) Wyoming and Boone County Petroglyphs Translated by Ancient Language Expert. Wonderful West Virginia 47(1):2.


(1983b) Petroglyph Articles Spur Worldwide Interest. Wonderful West Virginia 47(5):18-19.

(1986) Petroglyph Case Remains Open. Wonderful West Virginia 50(4):22-23.

 (1988) Fourth Ogam Petroglyph Found in West Virginia. Wonderful West Virginia 51(11):24-25.

(1999) Did the Irish Discover America?  Wonderful West Virginia 63(3):23.

 

Lady, C. Lynn and Robert F. Maslowski

(1981) Historic Rock Carvings in the Ohio Valley. West Virginia History 42(1&2):88-93.


 
Maslowski, Robert F.

(2006) Petroglyphs. In The West Virginia Encyclopedia, edited by Ken Sullivan, p. 562. The West Virginia Humanities Council, Charleston.

 
Murphy, James L.

(1978) Petroglyphs at the Half Moon Site, Hancock County, West Virginia. West Virginia Archeologist 27:50-55.


 
Norona, Delf

(1952) Discovery of the Guyandot River Petroglyphs. West Virginia Archeologist 5:10.

(1955) Indian X-Ray Drawings. West Virginia Archeologist 7:9-19.

 
Olafson, Sigfus

(1950) Rock Carvings in Boone County. West Virginia Archeologist 2:7-11.

(1952) Petroglyphs on the Guyandot River. West Virginia Archeologist 5:1-10.

(1953) Petroglyphs on the Guyandotte River in West Virginia. Eastern States Archeological Federation Bulletin 12:6.

 
Oppenheimer, Monroe and Willard Wirtz

(1989) A Linguistic Analysis of Some West Virginia Petroglyphs. West Virginia Archeologist 41(1):16.


 
Peters, J. T. and H. B. Carden

(1926) History of Fayette County, West Virginia. Jarrett Printing Co., Charleston, West Virginia.

 
Sanger, Kay Kendady and Clement W. Meighan

(1990) Discovering Prehistoric Rock Art: A Recording Manual. Wormwood Press, Calabasas, California.

 
Simek, Jan F., Alan Cressler and Elayne Pope

(2004) Association Between a Southeastern Rock-Art Motif and Mortuary Caves. In The Rock-Art of Eastern North America: Capturing Images and Insight, edited by Carol Diaz-Granados and James R. Duncan, pp. 159-173. University of Alabama Press, Tuscaloosa.


 
Squier, Ephraim G. and Edwin H. Davis

(1848) Ancient Monuments of the Mississippi Valley Comprising the Results of Extensive Original Surveys and Explorations. Smithsonian Contributions to Knowledge, Vol. 1, New York.

 
Squier, Frank

(1939) A Collection of Books by Ephriam George Squier. New York.

 
Swauger, James L.

(1950) Carnegie Museum and the Archeology of the Upper Ohio River Basin. West Virginia Archeologist 3:14-15.

(1961a) Figures in the Rock. Pennsylvania Archaeologist 31:106-112.


(1961b) Petroglyphs of the Upper Ohio Valley, I. Archives in Archaeology, No. 17, Society for American Archaeology, Washington, D.C.

(1962) An X-Ray Figure on the Timmons Farm Petroglyphs Site, 46Oh64. West Virginia Archeologist 14:34-35.

(1963a) Petroglyphs at the Hamilton Farm Site, Monongalia County, West Virginia. West Virginia Archeologist 15:1-6.

(1963b) The Table Rock Petroglyphs Site, 46Oh38. West Virginia Archeologist 16:5-11.

(1963) The East Liverpool Petroglyph Data: A Tribute. Pennsylvania Archaeologist, Vol. 33, No, 3.

(1964) The Timmons Farm Petroglyphs Site, 46Oh64. West Virginia Archeologist 17:1-9.

(1969) The Brown's Island Petroglyphs Site, 46HK8, West Virginia. West Virginia Archeologist 21:1-19.

(1974) Rock Art of the Upper Ohio Valley. Akademische Druckund Verlagsanstalt, Graz, Austria.

(1975) The Harrison County Pictographs Site (46Hs1). West Virginia Archeologist 24:32-41.


 
Walden, J. Beaumont

(1965) The Buck Rock Petroglyphs, Cabell County, West Virginia (46Cb8). West Virginia Archeologist 18:25-29.


Wall, J. Sutton

(1884) On Some Indian Picture Rocks in Fayette Co., Pennsylvania. American Philosophical Society Proceedings 21:687-689.

 
Wellman, Klaus F.

(1979) A Survey of North American Indian Rock Art. Akademische Druck, u. Verlagsanstalt, Graz, Austria.



 Wiley, Samuel T.

(1883) History of Monongalia County, West Virginia. The Journal Printing House, Kingwood, West Virginia.